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常用词根词缀

发布者: mihoutao | 发布时间: 2006-9-8 22:25| 查看数: 10657| 评论数: 5|

1.否定前缀

un-  uncomfortable, unacceptable, unavoidable

in-  incomplete, incapable, indispensable, inevitable

im-  imperfect, impartial, immortal

dis-  disable, disadvantage

mis-  misplace, mislead, misfortune

ab-  abnormal

de-  deactivate, degrade

il-  illegal, illiterate

ir-  irregular, irrelative

mal-  malfunction, malnutrition

2. trans across(横过)through(通过)beyond(那边)from one place to another

transient 短暂的

transplant 移植(器官)

transaction 交易

transition  过渡,转变    

transition from A to B         transition period

transmit  传输,传送(无线电,电视)

transmission  (n)             

   a live transmission 现场直播

    cultural transmission 文化的继承

transform  完全改变…的外观/特性 

 transformation(常做陪衬)

transfer   传递,迁移

translate  翻译

transport  运输

3. com-, con-       1、加强语气     2、共同,一起

combine, compete, compromise

confirm, conspicuous, concession

4.  -tain    1、支撑   2、保持,维持,保留

sustain, retain, maintain

5. re-  再,又,回,反

renew, reshape, refresh

6. uni-  / mono-                   one (一个),sole(单一的)

uniform, unique, unity

monotonous (单调的),monopoly (垄断)

7. ex-    向外,超出

expand   extend  exceed   excessive exclusive(ly) excursion

8. pre-/pro-    前,在前

predominant   precede,  previous,  premise, prevalent

proceed, prominent, propel

9. magn-            大(large

magnify(microscope),  magnificent, magnitude

10. viv- /vit-       live, life   生命,生活  

vivid, survive, revive

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最新评论

mihoutao 发表于 2006-9-8 22:35:45

vital, vitamin

11. inter-      在……之间      相互

intervene, interfere

12. man-        hand (手工)

manufacture , manipulate,manuscript

13. sci-           knowledge

science, scientific, consciousness

14. sub- / sus-    下,次,附属

subsidiary  subordinate(to)

sustain

15. laps 滑,落

(时间)elapse, collapse

16. spec-  / spic-           look

spectator, speculate, spectacular, perspective

conspicuous

17.cluds-,  clos-         关闭shut

conclude, include ,exclusive   close

18. not          note

notify      notion(=idea)      notorious

19. homo-     same

homogeneously

20. simul-       together

Simultaneously

21. multi     多,多倍

multiply, multitude

22. contra, contro             相反

contradiction        contrary

controversy

23. dict-           say, tell, speak

dictate,  dictator , dictionary, verdict, predict

24. per-                  through

permeate, perplex, permanent, perpetual, persistent

25. ver-         truth

verify   verdict

26. -logy     study(学习)   science

biology     psychology

27. -vert / -vers     turn

divert      advertise

diversify     versatile  reverse

28. -ics   作抽象名词的后缀,表学科

economics      politics      physics

29.  -ist         表示“人”

pianist       geologist       typist

30. bio-            life

mihoutao 发表于 2006-9-8 22:48:07

31. -ician       从事……专业的人

music musician

32. -ism      ……主义……论(抽象名词)

realism          Marxism

33. -cid           kill

suicide      insecticide

34. mort-         death

mortal        mortality         immortal

35. -scrib / -scrip         write    draw

describe  inscribe  prescribe   subscribe    ascribe

description  inscription  prescription   subscription       ascription

36. di-/du-/ambi- /bi-      two, double

dilemma / duplicate / ambiguous/ bilateral

37. tri-       three

triangle

38. bene-       good, well, happily     

benefit      beneficiary

39. volu/ volv      roll(滚动)turn(转动)

evolution   revolution    

involve    revolve   evolve

40. fer          carry(带)      produce(生产)

transfer    refer     fertile

41. phil-         love

philosophy

42. deca-       ten

decade

43. cred       believe

credible        incredible       credit

44. cent      one hundred

century

45. mill / kilo        一千,千分之一

millennium      million                   kilometer       kilogram

46. dom                master, control

domain

dominate, dominant, predominant

47. val    有权力,影响

valid, invalid, valuable, evaluate, prevalent(popular)

48. graph / gram     write

biography, geography       /   grammar, telegram

49. equi       同等,相等

equivalent     equilibrium

50. bat        beat

debate  combat  battle  batter  battery

[此贴子已经被作者于2006-9-8 22:54:26编辑过]
mihoutao 发表于 2006-9-8 22:58:29

51. seg, sect          cut

segment, segregate    /   section  intersection

52. plex      折叠

perplex    complex

53. en- / -ify       make

enlarge   entitle   enrich   enable

simplify  magnify   signify

54. sym- / syn-      共同same, 类似similar

sympathy   symptom   symmetry  /  syndrome

55 path       feeling

pathetic  sympathy   sympathetic

56. ceed / cess / cede / cest / cur       run

proceed

recession, access, excess, successor

precede, recede

ancestor

current  currency  excursion   occur

57. serv      保存,?;?span lang="EN-US">(protect)

conserve   preserve

58. –able  ,  -ible   可……

respectable,  imaginable

comprehensible

59. hypo-   下,在…之下

hypothesis hypotension

60. –pel    

propel, expel, repel, dispel, impel, compel

61. scend    climb

ascend   descend

62. spir

aspire, inspire, expire, respire, conspire

63. sent, sens   feeling

sentimental

sense, consensus

64. grav

grave, gravity, aggravate   (grieve)

65.lev 轻,上升

alleviate, elevate   (relieve)

66.rupt   break

bankrupt, interrupt, corrupt

 

JANASON 发表于 2006-9-15 18:10:59
恩,非常好啊
邓一工作室 发表于 2020-4-30 11:03:44
good
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